by Sam Sweet
Americans love the Ford F-150, especially the outrageous Raptor. So when Ford released the 2019 ranger and allowed Americans to buy it, a Raptor edition was inevitable. Europeans get an all new 2.0L twin turbo diesel with at least 210 horsepower and 370 lb-ft of torque. Americans get the 2.7L Ecoboost V6. Four wheel drive and the ten speed auto are standard.
Due to whatever reason, AMG will stop producing the V12 engine after a final edition G65. Pagani should be unaffected, as their engines are separately produced from Mercedes ones. Expect electrified V8 engines in the future.
The Mazda Miata gets 30 extra horsepower, so Miata is still the answer, along with “More power is better.”
Ram will make the Rebel TRX, basically a Hellcat truck. Because stuffing a 6.2 liter supercharged engine into a truck is a good idea. Oh, and a less powerful 7.0L NA V8 will also be available. The BMW M5 is supposedly rated at 600 horsepower and 553 lb-ft of torque at the crank. However, the dyno chart shows 625 horsepower and 608 lb-ft of torque AT THE WHEELS. Factoring in the 10% drivetrain loss, this determined the engine output at at least 690 horsepower and around 670 lb-ft of torque.
by Brady Rivkin
Saturated fats have often been demonized as making people fat and raising cholesterol, but they are falsely accused. Many doctors and nutritionists have concluded that dietary fat does not translate to bodily fat and that saturated fat does not have much of an effect on cholesterol levels.
Over the last few decades, scientists have been debating what caused the recent epidemic in heart disease and weight gain. For a long time, their consensus was that saturated fat is at the root of these problems. Nowadays, top functional medicine doctors like Mark Hyman are trying to decipher what is the true catalyst for these health problems and how safe the foods that scientists demonized are.
Many have sworn by low-fat diets as their silver bullet for optimal health. However, most of the public is misinformed about the dangers of that routine. An article by a dietitian clarifies this in a shocking fashion, as the writer begins by explaining how fat was wrongfully accused, but in her “8 Rules to Eat By”, she writes, “So don’t start cooking with butter or eating more meat”, which contradicts the whole article. In another equally disturbing article by CookingLight, the author goes on a rambling tirade that is filled with misleading and impertinent answers. They falsely claim that the American Heart Association has sponsors and donors from the coconut oil industry, and when they respond to a comment about canola oil, they write, “#Sorrynotsorry”, a clear demonstration of rudeness.
Chris Kresser, a widely known health professional, was interviewed about the effects of diet on cholesterol level. From the studies he quotes, he finds that “On average, 70% of people are not affected by cholesterol in the diet”, and that some people experience rising cholesterol levels in the blood because of genes that cause a reaction to saturated fat. In addition to having responded to that argument about fat, he wrote an article about how omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are problematic because of the extraction methods.
Since there is so much debate over the effects of fat on human health, it is difficult for people to decide what to incorporate into their diet. From the previous explanation, one can understand that fat is better than it is portrayed to be. For a healthy diet, one does not need to monitor fat amounts; rather, they should focus on the quality of the fat. Unrefined fats are best, and they should be traceable from their source, for they are responsible for much of the body’s needs.
Fat is an essential macronutrient for life that helps people absorb vitamins and gain energy. It is entirely safe to eat, and is a plentiful source of food for anyone on the planet.
Horton, Brierley. “Our Nutritionist Responds to Reader Comments on Coconut Oil.” Cooking Light, www.cookinglight.com/news/why-is-coconut-oil-unhealthy-for-you.
Kresser, Chris. “An Update on Omega-6 PUFAs.” Chris Kresser. 09 Dec. 2016. Web. 20 Mar. 2018.
Kresser, Chris. “RHR: Does Your Diet Affect Your Cholesterol Level?” Chris Kresser. 14 Aug. 2014. Web. 20 Mar. 2018.
by Brady Rivkin
Be wise and sanitize. This is the phrase that has been uttered an enormous amount of times during this school year and in the past, but the notion that two actions commanded truly fit together is questionable. Sanitizer, though it has been lauded for the fact that it “kills 99.99% of germs” with claims like that of Purell, has a dark side hidden in plain sight in the warnings section. That states that the product is “For external use only”, but skin has pores, and the toxins that exist in sanitizers can leach into the body even if not swallowed.
Since sanitizer is meant to kill organisms, it is made with substances that, if accumulated in the body over time, are lethal. These toxins can come from anyone who sanitized before handling food to equipment that is constantly sanitized. The rationale for it is simple: it kills the many germs that would otherwise affect the human body in negative ways. But what the majority of Americans don’t seem to know is that the human body has a microbiome of beneficial bacteria that is trained to fight the intrusive organisms that sanitizer is designed to kill. When people sanitize, these germs are killed and the microbiome is knocked off balance, making it difficult for the body to recover should an unwanted microbe invade.
With the way sanitizer is meant to destroy, it serves as a topical antibiotic. This may seem trivial, but the fact that sanitizer has similar properties and the same purpose suggests that it wreaks the same havoc of making certain microorganisms resistant to it. It may kill 99.99 percent of germs now, but its supposed powers of impeding illness are being put to the test by its own characteristics.
As aforementioned, sanitizer is commended for its ability to kill germs, but that leaves nearly nothing for the body to test its mettle against. People who sanitize, then, are more likely to become ill because their bodies are unprepared for any onslaught. In order to counteract this trend, people can support their immune system by eating whole, unprocessed food so that the body can focus on protection instead of digestion. When the digestive system is bogged down by the deluge of processed food in the Standard American Diet, it distracts the body from fighting illness. Because of this, people have turned to sanitizer to drown their problems in, but they can always wash their hands, which takes about ten second longer than sanitizing, and eat real food. Americans seem to care about their health, but if they truly want better lives, they simply need to put down the sanitizer and pick up the soap.
Note: I, the author, barely ever sanitize, and I have never been affected by what sanitizer is meant to protect against.
by Sam Sweet
Definitions for terms or acronyms or abbreviations about or for cars that are frequently mentioned.
ABS- Most modern cars have ABS, Anti-lock Braking Systems, which is where brake force is adjusted to prevent the wheels from locking up.
Boost pressure- The increase above atmospheric pressure used in turbocharging and supercharging.
Catalytic converter- A device using metals similar to and including palladium that chemically reacts with certain emissions from the exhaust and makes them into less harmful to the environment.
Crankshaft- A metal rod with cranks that attach to the pistons and turn their reciprocal motion into rotary motion.
Differential- The special gearbox that splits the incoming torque between the driven wheels.
DOHC- Double OverHead Camshafts. Simply a term that describes an engine with two cams per cylinder rather than one.
Driveshaft- The shaft that transmits power to the differential from the transmission.
ECU- Engine Computer Unit. Literally the computer system that controls the engine.
Exhaust manifold- The system of tubes that collects exhaust gas from the cylinders and moves it toward the catalytic converters and muffler.
Intake manifold- The system of tubes that puts the mixture of fuel and air into the cylinder.
LSD- Limited Slip Differential. A type of differential that limits the maximum difference in speed and torque between each wheel, ensuring both wheels always get some power.
Mid-Engined- a setup where the engine is behind the passengers but ahead of the rear axle. Helps center of gravity and handling improve.
Oversteer- When the back wheels are ahead of the front.
Redline- The maximum revolutions per minute an engine can handle.
Supercharger- A device that allows for more air intake than the engine can do alone. Creates engine drag, as it is powered by the crankshaft.
Transaxle- A differential and transmission combined
Turbocharger- An air compressor that uses an exhaust-driven turbine
Understeer- Where the front wheels don’t turn sharply enough, not enough angular momentum to turn.